You’re all sorted for an overnight or multi-day hike: route planned, and weather checked. But have you thought about helping out mother nature as you enjoy all her beauty? The first step is staying on track to minimise damage to precious ecosystems. But what about the gear and food you bring and the waste you create along the way?

Here are five tips for leaving the environment even better than you found it. Plus some hot tips on where to hike and camp.

  • 1/6

    Invest in good quality gear

    A male putting the cover over his tent in Newnes campground, Wollemi National Park. Photo: Daniel Tran/OEH

    Setting up camp at Newnes campground

    Newnes campgroundWollemi National Park

    Daniel Tran/OEH (2018)

    -33.17198, 150

    Cheap tents just aren’t worth it. They might seem like a bargain, but as the poles likely snap, and the zippers snag on night one, they are destined for the trash. Good quality gear lasts years, saving you money in the long run and better yet, the world more landfill.

    Look for brands that are known for quality such as Wilderness Equipment, Sea-to-Summit and Mont, which are all Australian-owned and operated. Consider renting and sharing items you don’t use often and investigate share libraries in your area (like the awesome Toolo in the Blue Mountains).


  • 2/6

    Cut down the waste you create in the first place.

    Hand holding an open container of trial mix

    Make you own trial mix. Not only #trending but doing your part.

    Blue Mountains National Park

    Sara Freeland (-1)

    Is it even a hike if you didn’t post a flat lay photo of your adventure gear? If you peer more closely at these popular pics, you’ll likely see lots of single-use plastic and disposable items. Here are some simple ways to minimise your waste before you even step on the track:

    • Make your own trail mix from ingredients bought at a bulk food store and carry them in a reusable container.
    • Avoid dehydrated pre-packaged meals covered in disposable wrappers. Trail-recipe websites have heaps of inspiration for creating waste-free trail foods. 
    • Use a reusable dry bag rather than plastic zip-lock bags to keep things organised and dry. Beeswax wraps are also great for keeping food fresh.
    • Buy a water bladder. They hold more water than plastic bottles and are easier to trek with. Quality water bladders cost as little as $30, and you’ll never look back.


  • 3/6

    Minimise the campfire

    Two people enjoying a hot drink on a picnic bench

    You won’t miss out if you come prepared.

    Barrington Tops National Park

    Rob Mulally / DPIE

    Campfires sure do create a mood. And who doesn’t love a toasted marshmallow? But try to avoid relying on campfires every night to cook your food. Not all national parks allow fires or have dedicated fire pits (the only safe way to campfire), and this changes often with bushfire alerts. Instead, use a portable gas stove. Planet Ark’s Recycle Near You recommends gas cylinders as they may be accepted in household chemical collections in your area.

    It’s important when planning a visit to NSW national parks and reserves to stay updated, check for closures, alerts and fire bans before heading out. We recommend avoiding remote areas during the bushfire season and stay up to date with the fire situation by using the Fires Near Me app.

  • 4/6

    Dispose of your waste responsibly

    Man carrying rubbish in Murramarang National Park. Photo: Melissa Findley/OEH

    Take your rubbish with you. #Dontbeatosser

    Murramarang National Park

    Melissa Findley/OEH (2018)

    -35.67153, 150.30212

    It’s almost impossible to eliminate ALL rubbish, so how can you dispose of the trash you need to? Let’s break it down:

    1. Packaging waste: Sort as you go, keeping separate recyclables, soft plastics, and then everything else. This might sound complicated, but arriving home after the hike will be a dream. Tip one bag into the recycling bin, one into the trash and take soft plastics to your nearest RedCycle collection. Then pat yourself on the back and hop in that shower!
    2. Food waste: Carry out your scraps in a bio-bag to pop in your home compost bin, worm farm or local share waste collective. Never put your food scraps in national park toilets or bury them. Oh,and that apple core you’re planning on tossing into the bush because ‘it’s natural and breaks down’, does not belong there. 
    3. Human waste: Poop in the bush is always a cringey topic but rapidly becomes a focal (or should I say faecal) point of conversation by day two of a hike. You might already be following the advice to bury your waste in a 15cm hole, which is great – but you can carry out your poop too! Buy or even DIY a handy little poop tube. I won’t go into too much detail, just google it to become an eco-legend.


  • 5/6

    Don’t just minimise your impact, create a positive change

    Two men walking in front, view of their backs

    Kosciuszko National Park

    Daniel Parsons / DPIE

    Next time you’re in nature, use it as an opportunity to give back and lead by example. You know that saying “Take only photographs, leave only footprints”? It’s recently had a little make-over and now goes something like this: “Take only photographs and any rubbish, leave only footprints”. You didn’t put put it there, but considering they’re not coming back you might as well pick it up. 

    Eco-friendly and green projects are also super hot right now. Engage new followers on your socials by sharing your adventures through an eco-friendly lens. Become involved in the sustainable hiking movement movement and the Hike It Out campaign.

    Want to truly make a difference? Support a special project funded by the Foundation for National Parks and Wildlife. Hiking is a pretty cheap experience, so consider the money you’ve saved and direct it towards a positive cause to help protect these incredible places for generations to come.

  • 6/6

    Need some help choosing your next multi-day hiking adventure?

    view from above of three people climbing up the Mount Solitary track

    Mount Solitary walking trackBlue Mountains National Park

    Sara Freeland

    Sydney is surrounded by some of the best National Parks in Australia. There’s a multi-day adventure for everyone, including:


    Moderate – 2 days | 27km

    Bouddi Coastal Walk in Bouddi National Park is a fantastic introductory level walk with beaches, coastal bushland and fascinating history. Set up at Putty Beach Campground and spend two days exploring the area while leaving your heavy pack behind. It’s best done in the warmer months when you can cool off with a coastal swim at the end of the day.


    Challenging – 3 days | 34km

    Mount Solitary walking track is an iconic walk in the Blue Mountains. Not for the faint-hearted, this circuit is a challenging hike that travels over the mighty mountain and through incredibly diverse vegetation. Spend a night at the Kedumba River Crossing Campground for the chance to spot wallabies, wombats and even a platypus splashing in the river.


    Hard – 4-days | 45km

    Kanangra to Katoomba (or K2K for those in the know) is an epic one-way track through complete wilderness. This is as wild as it gets. No facilities, limited water and no signs. If you are an experienced hiker looking for a serious adventure, then do some planning and head out to the Kanangra Walls for an amazing adventure. 

Lastly, but perhaps most importantly, did you know that in some national parks, you can hire a free PLB for your adventure? Even if they’re not available where you’re going, you can still fill out a trip intention form. It’ll only take you a few minutes, but could save your life! 


Please note: that due to the recent bushfires, the images may not accurately reflect the current national park landscape.